One thing I did not see during my 3 years in Saudi Arabia were cows. It was not that I was specifically looking for them but made the mental comparison that seeing camels along the roads was as common as seeing the cows in America. Now I discover through this Wall Street Journal article is that there is in fact a dairy farm with 67,000 white and black splotched Holstein-Friesians cows and unlike any dairy farm one would likely see in the United States!
Bear in mind that the Holstein-Friesian cow originated in Europe. The major development of this breed occurred in what is now the Netherlands. Needless to say, it does not reach 117 degrees Fahrenheit in the midst of a Dutch summer. Whereas in Saudi Arabia, the breed had to adapt to the new terrain of the desert and the intense temperatures.
In Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia, the Almarai dairy farm is the largest dairy farm by value in the entire Middle East! Almarai (which is Arabic for the world pasture) is the largest integrated dairy foods company in the world! It was also the first dairy farm in the world to have been accredited with ISO 9002.
This video gives background on Almarai dairy:
Here is an interesting video taken during milking time at the dairy: