Everyone that is sponsored into the Kingdom due to employment will be required to take a medical exam. In fact, if you are not yet in the Kingdom you should be aware that you will likely be taking two medical exams. That’s right. Your first exam will be taken while still in your home country and required in order to obtain your visa. Then the majority of employers in the Kingdom will require their new employees to take another medical exam after arriving in the Kingdom. Part of the reason for this is to confirm that the findings of the first exam were true and correct. That a new employee has no communicable diseases; is not infected with HIV; does not have hepatitis and is not pregnant. Speaking from my own experience, I had to take an exam after I was hired by King Faisal Specialist hospital and then when I switched to the National Guard, I had to have another exam. And this is in spite of being sponsored by my husband since I’m married to a Saudi. It varies on whether or not the employer will pay for the medical exam that is conducted within the Kingdom. The medical will include general physical, chest xray, EKG, lab work along with stool and urine specimens. And not to feel isolated, even foreign spouses married to Saudis are required to get a medical in order to obtain their visa. Dependents of expat workers accompanying into the Kingdom are also required to have exams too. This is one of the few areas where there do not seem to be exemptions.